The Second Stage
The Arrival of the Bluestones
The second and most dramatic stage of Stonehenge started around 2150
BC. Some 82 bluestones from the Preseli mountains, in south-west Wales
were transported to the site. It is thought these stones, some weighing
4 tonnes each were dragged on rollers and sledges to the headwaters on
Milford Haven and then loaded onto rafts. They were carried by water along
the south coast of Wales and up the rivers Avon and Frome, before being
dragged overland again to near Warminster in Wiltshire. The final stage
of the journey was mainly by water, down the river Wylye to Salisbury,
then the Salisbury Avon to west Amesbury.
This astonishing journey covers nearly 240 miles. Once at the site, these
stones were set up in the centre to form an incomplete double circle.
( During the same period the original entrance of the circular earthwork
was widened and a pair of Heel Stones were erected. Also the nearer part
of the Avenue was built, aligned with the midsummer sunrise.)